From:Teece Museum of Classical Antiquities
About this objectBell-Kraters, named for their bell-shaped bodies, were used to mix wine and water. Undiluted wine was exceedingly strong and was watered down until the alcohol was around 10% of the liquid, much lower than today's standards. The Greeks believed that only barbarians drank wine undiluted, as is evidenced by stories like Odysseus and Polyphemus - the barbarous cyclopes did not realise that the wine needed to be watered down.
Both sides of this vase appear to feature everyday scenes. Side A shows two naked athletes speaking to a woman, whose form is suggested beneath her chiton (a type of Greek dress). Meanwhile, the opposite side shows a similar scene with a trio of young men, all clothed.
This vase is attributed to the Cyclops Painter, an early Lucanian red-figure vase-painter who influenced on the Palermo and Karneia Painters. He was named by Arthur Dale Trendall after a vase in the British Museum of Odysseus blinding the Polyphemus.
MakerAttributed to the Cyclops Painter
Date Madeca. 420-410 BC
Medium and MaterialsCeramic: Pottery
Style and IconographyLucanian
Style and IconographyRed-figure
TechniqueSlip trailing (relief line)
TechniqueThrowing (pottery technique)
MeasurementsHeight 339mm; Diameter at lip 321mm
Subject and Association KeywordsClothing and dress
Subject and Association KeywordsWomen in art
Subject and Association KeywordsSports in art
Named CollectionThe James Logie Memorial Collection, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Object TypeFood Service Vessels
Copyright LicenceAll rights reserved